Top 10 Japanese Candlestick Trading Patterns

Japanese candlesticks trading patterns are a method of introducing the price activity over a set time frame. They give useful data, for example, the market sentiment or potential reversals in the markets by demonstrating the price moves with a particular goal in mind. In this article, we provided the top 10 Japanese candlestick trading patterns. 

18 September 2020 | AtoZ Markets - Japanese candlestick trading patterns are technical tools that pack information for various time spans into single price bars. That makes them more valuable than conventional open-high, low-close bars, or straight lines.

That draw an obvious conclusion of closing costs. Japanese candlestick assembles patterns that forecast price direction once finished. Legitimate color-coding adds profundity to this colorful technical tool. That goes back to the eighteenth-century Japanese rice traders.

Steve Nison brought Japanese candlestick trading patterns to the Western world in his famous 1991 book named 'Japanese Candlestick Charting Techniques.' Numerous traders would now be able to distinguish many of these structures.

That has beautiful names like dark cloud cover, evening star, and three black crows. Moreover, single bar patterns, including the Doji and Hammer, have infused into many long-and short-side trading systems.

What Is the Japanese Candlestick Trading Pattern?

Japanese candlestick trading patterns are a kind of price chart that displays the opening, closing, high-low price points for each given period. It was created hundreds of years prior by Japanese rice vendors. It was also promoted among Western traders by an intermediary called Steve Nison during the 1990s.

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Japanese candlestick trading patterns strategy has the most mainstream approach for rapid analysis of price activity today. Especially for technical traders. They offer substantially more data outwardly than conventional line charts. It demonstrates a market's maximum and minimum points, opening price, and the closing price at once.

Moreover, High Low Open Close (HLOC) charts show a comparative degree of detail to candlesticks. But, traders tend to help the next, searching them simpler to analyze rapidly than HLOC. It merits evaluating both and seeing which works best for you, simply utilizing them to follow past price moves.

Technical traders search for Japanese candlestick trading patterns strategy for hints on where a market's going straightaway. They do this by searching for conspicuous shapes that frequently lead to continuations or inversions. Japanese candlestick trading patterns strategy may utilize to analyze price activity over any time, from one second up to a whole year.

Japanese Candlestick Trading Patterns

The Top 10 Japanese Candlestick Trading Patterns

A few Japanese candlestick trading patterns are taken as signs of likely future moves by technical traders. The theory here is genuine. This Japanese candlestick trading patterns strategy uncovers specific conduct that has regularly prompted precise results previously.

At the same time, past execution is no assurance of future price movement. These patterns can be helpful whenever spotting openings. Below here we discussed the top ten Japanese candlestick trading patterns.

1. Spinning Tops

A spinning top framed when a candlestick has a long wick both above and under a thin body. Therefore, the market had a broad trading range. However, little distinction between its open and close. Unlike maximum candlestick patterns, it doesn't generally make a difference if a spinning top that shaped on a red or green stick.

There should be a little body and a long wick. In a spinning top, there's a back-and-forth among buyers and sellers. Yet, the bears and bulls are knocking down one another. Technical traders accept spinning tops as a sign of disability in a progressing pattern.

If a market shapes a spinning top after a long bull run, at that point, positive sentiment may run out. After a downtrend, then, bullish sentiment might be picking up strength.

Japanese Candlestick Trading Patterns

2. Marubozu

Marubozu originates from the Japanese word for 'bald.' It implies a candlestick that has no wick at all. A green Marubozu opens and closes at its most minimal and maximum levels separately.

If we picture the move inside a green Marubozu, there'd be no price activity above or underneath the open and close prices. This makes a bald green stick a sign of exact bullish sentiment. Bulls pushed the market's price higher with opposing from bears.

Japanese Candlestick Trading Patterns

A red Marubozu opens and closes at its maximum and least levels individually. Red Marubozu is the total opposite. They disclose to you that bears were in practically absolute control of a session. In this way, a downtrend could proceed, or an uptrend may reverse.

Japanese Candlestick Trading Patterns

3. Hammer

If a market builds a hammer after an all-encompassing move down, technical traders accept that it may be going to mount a bullish fightback. You can detect a hammer by its long wick under a relatively short body, with next to zero wick above.

The body ought to be a few times more concise than the lower wick. That shows the market hit a new low during the session, yet bounced back and closed a lot higher. Therefore, while there was significant selling pressure, buyers step in to push back the bears before the close.

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4. Hanging Man

A hanging man appears to be the very same as a hammer. The main distinction is the place it manifests. While a hammer shows up after a bear market, a hanging man will do as such after an uptrend.

They're considered as a sign that selling sentiment is developing against buyers. Hence, a reversal might be just around the corner. A red hanging man is generally presumed as a more powerful signal than a green one. However, both are considered as bearish examples.

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5. Engulfing

In the engulfing Japanese candlestick, a candlestick is quickly trailed by another bigger one the other way. In the bullish engulfing, a red candlestick is overshadowed by the green one that tails it. Technical traders may accept this as a sign that the optimistic view is holding.

Therefore, a significant move might be in the course, especially if a bullish engulfing shows up after a time of combination. A bearish engulfing emerges when a resulting bearish one then gulps a bullish candlestick. Hence, negative supposition may shape.

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6. Harami

A harami is a backward engulfing Japanese candlestick trading pattern. A candlestick is trailed by a lot littler one the other way. The name harami originates from the Japanese for pregnant. Due to that, some accept that the pattern looks like a pregnant individual.

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In a bullish harami, a red candle is trailed by a green one that contains inside the body of the past candlestick. This is frequently taken as a sign that a downtrend may finish. The total opposite happens in a bearish harami. A green candlestick followed by a little red one. In the two cases, the size of the subsequent stick was utilized to decide the quality of the sign.

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7. Homing Pigeon

A bullish homing pigeon, in the interim, appears to be like a harami. The two candles are red. The subsequent candlestick's body contained totally inside the first's. This has been assumed as a sign that an upturn may be going to start. Traders looking for homing pigeons will search for downtrends that are debilitating or approaching a central issue of help. The homing pigeon is viewed as less helpful in exceptionally volatile conditions.

8. Morning Star

A morning star happens as a market hits a state of uncertainty after an all-inclusive downward movement. At that point starts to recoup. Traders may accept this as a sign that the recovery will transform into an enduring uptrend. It comprises of three candlesticks:

  • A red one with an enormous body that is the portion for the downtrend.
  • A candlestick with a short body regularly a turning top is showing that bulls are going into the session.
  • A greenstick with a tall body-affirming that a reversal has started.

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9. Evening Star

An evening star is contrary to a morning star. It demonstrates a bull market that hits a state of uncertainty and afterward starts to retrace. It looks equivalent to a morning star. Yet, with a green candlestick toward the start after an expanded uptrend and a red one toward the end.

Both evening and morning stars can be shaped with a Doji in the center. This demonstrates a more powerful time of uncertainty. Also, in some cases, assumed as a sign that the resulting move will more articulate.

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10. Three Black Crows

The three dark crows Japanese candlestick trading pattern shows up after an uptrend. It comprised of three continuously longer red candlestick and is perceived as a reliable sign that the bull market finish.

The subsequent candlestick ought to have a short or non-existent lower wick, and the third ought to have near no wick by any stretch of the imagination. A technical trader may accept the three dark crows as a chance to open a short position to endeavor to benefit from the accompanying bear run.

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How to Analyze Japanese Candlestick Trading Pattern

To analyze Japanese candlestick trading patterns, you'll have to acquaint yourself with three components on each candle. Its color, its body, and its wick. Its color reveals to you the direction of movement inside the period. The body shows the market's opening and closing levels. Also, its wick shows the high/low range.

  1. Green candlesticks show upward movement and red ones a descend. Nonetheless, every so often, white (up) and dark (down) utilize instead.
  2. On a green candlestick, the head of the body is close, and the base is open. And on a red one, the opposite is true.
  3. Also, on both red and green candlesticks, the head of the wick (here and there called the shadow) has a maximum point that the market includes hit inside the period, and the base is the least.

Utilizing those three components, you can become familiar with a ton about a market's movement inside a specific period. A long body on a green candlestick reveals to you that significant bullish price activity happened. If the wick is much taller than a long body, it displays that there was an elevated level of volatility inside the period.

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Therefore, bulls and bears may have been competing for control, with bulls inevitably win out. A short red body that contains high upper wick shows that bulls pushed a market's price higher. However, they were beaten back by bears before close. Furthermore, if there's no wick by any means, you realize that the open or closing price was likewise the high/low.


Japanese Candlestick patterns may use as a useful tool for the trader looking for an investment opportunity over a long period. These investment trades have frequently been founded on fundamental analysis to shape trade concepts. The trader may utilize the candlestick charts to notify an opportunity to enter and leave these trades. For traders with a more tight period, for example, trading the relentless forex markets, timing is vital in these choices.

Should you use the Japanese candlestick trading patterns on your own at all?

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Think we missed something? Let us know in the comment section below.

  1. 16:9 says:

    Greetings! Very helpful advice in this particular post!

    It is the little changes that will make the most significant changes.
    Thanks a lot for sharing!


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