China's smart courts are applying a variety of innovative technologies, including blockchain and artificial intelligence (AI), to decide millions of legal cases.
16 December, 2019 | AtoZ Markets – China leads the front when it comes to using blockchain in legal services. The country witnessed over three million blockchain-based court settlement cases from March until October this year. That is according to a recent report published by a local news media outlet.
China Blockchain Technology is Raising Everyone's Interests
The legal profession has been evolving in recent years with the advent of new technologies. Those are artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning, online communication tools, and blockchain. And China blockchain technology is currently raising everyone's interests and concerns. The government is deploying a national consortium of the blockchain to help establish businesses linked to the blockchain. It will likely soon become a way of life.
This year, the country has seen an increasing number of contentious cases resolved by blockchain and AI. The white paper titled Chinese Courts and Internet Judiciary published on December 4, 2019. That indicated that more than one million citizens and approximately seventy-three thousand two hundred lawyers had signed up for a smart court request.
The one-stop court or mobile micro court uses groundbreaking innovations like big data analytics and cloud computing. It resolves legal disputes and facilitates remote court proceedings, including hearings, mediation, negotiation, and presentation of evidence. The virtual screens eliminate the need to be physically present in court. New age courts also offer the public the possibility of receiving court decisions through various messaging services.
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Blockchain and AI for Better Efficiency
In 2017, China spearheaded the launch of the first-ever smart court in the eastern province of Hangzhou. Today, it is implemented and practiced regularly in more than twelve regions at the provincial level, including in cities like Beijing and Guangzhou. At the time, the Supreme Court announced that smart courts would use the blockchain to analyze the collected evidence and store it with precise timestamps, digital signatures. The tamper-proof platform guarantees the authenticity of the data collected and stored.
Zhang Wen, president of the Beijing Internet Court, said that the technology is being leveraged to prioritize efficiency over accuracy. Although the blockchain and the AI will facilitate all legal proceedings, the final decision will be in the hands of a human judge. That said, he believes that the day is not far away when technology will replace a practicing judge on the podium.
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